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420 Sale, Cannabis for Beginners

  • Introduction

If you are a new to the world of cannabis, then the article, “420 Sale, Cannabis for Beginners” is a must read for you. This article gives you a basic knowledge and a general overview of what cannabis is all about. Cannabis is a genus of flowering plants in the family Cannabaceae. There are three main strains in the world of cannabis. These strains are: Cannabis Indica, Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Hybrid. All three are considered different types of cannabis with hybrid being a combination or mix of sativa and Indica strains. Cannabis is widely accepted as being indigenous to and originating from Asia.

The plant is also known as hemp, although this term is often used to refer only to varieties of Cannabis cultivated for non-drug use. Cannabis has long been used for hemp fibre, hemp seeds and their oils, hemp leaves for use as vegetables and as juice, medicinal purposes, and as a recreational drug. Industrial hemp products are made from cannabis plants selected to produce an abundance of fiber. To satisfy the UN Narcotics Convention, some cannabis strains have been bred to produce minimal levels of Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the principal psychoactive constituent. Some strains have been selectively bred to produce a maximum of THC (a cannabinoid), the strength of which is enhanced by curing the fruits. Various compounds, including hashish and hash oil, are extracted from the plant.

For thousands of years, people have been smoking Cannabis sativa for spiritual, medicinal, and recreational purposes. Today in the US, cannabis is legal for recreational consumption in 18 states and for medical use in 37 states, although it is illegal federally

In the US, “industrial hemp” is classified by the federal government as cannabis containing no more than 0.3% THC by dry weight. This classification was established in the 2018 Farm Bill and was refined to include hemp-sourced extracts, cannabinoids, and derivatives in the definition of hemp.

Globally, in 2013, 60,400 kilograms of cannabis were produced legally. In 2014 there were an estimated 182.5 million cannabis users (3.8% of the population aged 15–64). This percentage did not change significantly between 1998 and 2014

 What is cannabis?

Cannabis refers to a group of three plants with psychoactive properties, known as Cannabis sativa, Cannabis Indica, and Cannabis ruderalis. People use the dried leaves, seed oil, and other parts of the cannabis plant for recreational and medicinal purposes. It can have a pleasurable effect and may soothe the symptoms of various conditions, such as chronic pain.

When the flowers of these plants are harvested and dried, you’re left with one of the most common drugs in the world. Some call it weed, some call it pot, and others call it marijuana.

As weed becomes legal in more areas, names for it are evolving. Today, more and more people are using the term cannabis to refer to weed.

Some argue that it’s a more accurate name. Others feel it’s more neutral compared with terms like weed or pot, which some people associate with its illegal use. Also, the term “marijuana” is falling out of favor due to its racist history.

Cannabis is usually consumed for its relaxing and calming effects. In some U.S. states, it’s also prescribed to help with a range of medical conditions, including chronic pain, glaucoma, and poor appetite.

Keep in mind that while cannabis comes from a plant and is considered natural, it can still have strong effects, both positive and negative.

What are the components of cannabis according to 420 Sale, Cannabis for Beginners?

Cannabis is made up of more than 120 components, which are known as Cannabinoids. Experts still aren’t sure what each cannabinoid does, but they have a pretty good understanding of two of them, known as cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).

Each has its own effects and uses:

  1. CBD: This is a psychoactive cannabinoid, yet it’s non-intoxicating and non-euphoric, meaning it won’t get you “high.” It’s often used to help reduce inflammation and pain. It may also ease nausea, migraine, seizures, and anxiety. (Epidiolex is the first and only prescription medication to contain CBD and be approved by the Food and Drug Administration, or FDA. This medication is used to treat certain kinds of epilepsy.) Researchers are still trying to fully understand the effectiveness of CBD’s medical use.
  2. THC: This is the main psychoactive compound in cannabis. THC is responsible for the “high” that most people associate with cannabis.

You can find cannabis products that contain just CBD, THC, or a combination of both. But the dried flower that most people associate with cannabis contains both cannabinoids, though certain strains may have much more of one than the other. Hemp has large quantities of CBD, but no THC.

What are the short-term effects of cannabis?

Using cannabis can have a range of short-term effects. Some are beneficial, but others are more concerning. Some of the more desirable short-term effects include:

  1. Relaxation
  2. Giddiness
  3. Experiencing things around you, such as sights and sounds, more intensely
  4. Increased appetite
  5. Altered perception of time and events
  6. Focus and creativity

These effects are often minimal in products containing very high levels of CBD, compared with THC. But cannabis can also have some problematic side effects for certain people. Side effects may include:

  1. Coordination issues
  2. Delayed reaction time
  3. Nausea
  4. Lethargy
  5. Anxiety
  6. Increased heart rate
  7. Decreased blood pressure
  8. Paranoia

Again, these effects are less common in products containing more CBD than THC.

The short-term effects of cannabis can also vary based on your method of consumption. If you smoke cannabis, you’ll feel the effects within minutes. But if you orally ingest cannabis, such as in a capsule or food, it may be several hours before you feel anything.

In addition, cannabis often comes in different strains. These are loose categories used to indicate the effects of different cannabis products. Here’s a primer on some common strains and their potential effects.

What are the long-term effects of cannabis?

Experts are still trying to fully understand the long-term effects of using cannabis. There’s lots of conflicting research on this topic, and many of the existing studies have only looked at animals.

Many more large, long-term studies in humans are needed to fully understand the lasting effects of cannabis use.

Brain development
Research from 2014Trusted Source highlights the potential impact of cannabis on brain development when used during adolescence.

According to this research, people who start using cannabis in their teens tend to have more memory and learning problems than those who don’t use cannabis in their teens. But it’s unclear if these effects are permanent.

People who start using cannabis in their teens may also have a higher risk for mental health issues later in life, including schizophrenia. But experts still aren’t sure how strong this link is.

Dependence
Some people can also become dependent on cannabis. Others even experience withdrawal symptoms when not using cannabis, such as irritability, low appetite, and mood swings.

According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, people who start using cannabis before the age of 18 are four to seven times more likely to develop a cannabis use disorder than those who start using it later in life.

Respiratory problems
Smoking cannabis carries similar risks to smoking tobacco. This may be due to inflammation and irritation of the airways.

Cannabis has been associated with bronchitis, and it may be a risk factor for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, recent studiesTrusted Source have shown little evidence of a link between cannabis use and lung cancer. More research is needed in this area.

Is cannabis legal?

Cannabis is illegal in many places, but more and more areas are starting to legalize it for both recreational and medical uses. In the United States, for example, several states have legalized recreational and medical cannabis.

Others have legalized it only for medical use. But cannabis remains illegal under federal law in the United States. The research supporting CBD use for inflammation and pain is promising. The use of CBD-based prescription medication Epidiolex to reduce some kinds of seizures is well established.

The laws around cannabis also vary from country to country. Some permit the use of products containing only CBD, while others consider any kind of cannabis use a serious crime.

If you’re curious about trying cannabis, make sure to read up on the laws in your area first.

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